How to use log amplifiers to compress wide dynamic range signals to make them compatible with linear processing elements like digitizers.
Use the right direct digital synthesizer (DDS) for accurate and stable analog waveforms with both phase and frequency agility.
A tiny module offers a drop-in solution for adding both one-lead ECG and pulse oximetry to low-power mobile devices.
The automotive industry development of a secondary 48 V electrical system requires extensive isolations for safety and insulation control.
Adafruit’s CircuitPython brings the increasingly popular Python programming language to inexpensive, embedded microcontroller dev boards.
Use the Microchip Technology AC164160 Google Cloud Evaluation Board and sensor IoT endpoint solution to quickly and securely connect to Cloud IoT storage.
With multicolor LEDs, designers can replace multiple LEDs with just one to save space, power, and cost, while quickly adding value to an embedded system.
To develop intelligent and sophisticated robot systems requires innovative analog and embedded technologies and Texas Instruments offers some helpful products.
A look at a selection of Texas Instruments products that can assist in designing products to fill the needs and demands of tomorrow’s smart solutions.
Use a high-speed 16-bit, SAR ADC to accelerate digital x-ray system throughput while maintaining accuracy and resolution.
Designers can add an external DAC to a microcontroller that enhances system functionality while conserving board space.
Developers can easily create a battery-free wireless switch using an ultra-low-power Bluetooth 5.0 module and pushbutton energy harvester.
Cable choices for the Industrial IoT demand careful attention to physical and electrical considerations such as conductor types, shielding, and flexibility.
A 6 x 6 mm module and software provide a drop-in solution for low-power, low-cost, long-range IoT connectivity using LoRaWAN technology.
The solid state relay (SSR) is a safe, versatile, rugged on/off switch between a low level control signal and an AC/DC load, but needs to be applied carefully.
Increasing numbers of devices utilize microphones to capture sound. Two of the most commonly used microphone technologies are MEMS and ECM.
Developers can avoid tearing up their designs by expanding their microcontroller’s I/O using readily available, discrete expansion ICs.
Developers can add the range and accuracy of mmWave radar-based detection to their systems using a single device and accompanying software.
The Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) is popular as a simple, low-cost interface between multiple devices such as microcontrollers, sensors, and actuators.
By using a FRAM-based microcontroller instead of flash-based, designers can reduce the power required to update firmware over a LoRaWAN wireless network.
A core understanding of oscillators and their function and differences is needed to select and apply them correctly to meet design requirements.
A modular system design provides a compact solution to emerging requirements for next generation PLCs.
Use a second photodiode to increase a pulse oximeter’s dynamic range to 16 bits.
Developers can implement the basic analog interfaces required in many wearable and IoT designs using only an MCU and a few passive components.
Developers can rapidly deploy sensor hardware and software needed to build sophisticated solutions for industrial predictive maintenance.
Use advanced LDOs to maximize IoT sensor battery life while easing complexity and lowering cost.
Solid state temperature sensors are well suited for IoT applications due their small size, accuracy, linearity, low power, and ease of interfacing.
IMU software determines precise position from IMU sensor data and is used in embedded applications ranging from consumer to industrial, medical, and military.
Funnel amplifiers allow high side current measurements in systems where the load’s power supply operates at a higher voltage than the measurement circuitry.
Designers can add an external secure EEPROM to a microcontroller that provides an efficient way to protect sensitive data from hackers.
Pulse oximeters require special attention to their LED drive electronics to ensure low noise and low distortion for accurate measurements.
Using a security IC and a software library, developers can employ a more efficient approach to mutual authentication required for IoT security.
A heat sink's role is in creating a larger surface area on a heat-producing device, allowing for more efficient transfer of heat out and into its surroundings.
Developers should consider these low-power processor and board solutions to implement efficient machine learning on IoT devices at the network edge.
Developers can use low-cost boards and specialized LEDs to build a complete greenhouse control system.
Using multiple tiny DC-DC regulators in a design rather than fewer larger regulators can save board space and provide improved system performance.
Second generation GNSS modules offer faster satellite acquisition and better positional accuracy while becoming easier to design in.
USB-C™ cables and connectors can cope with the power required for a device such as a laptop, negating the need to carry numerous cables for different uses.
Use switched capacitor filters to lower parts count and get greater accuracy, temperature stability, and reliability compared to passive or active RC filters.
Use highly integrated modular gate drives to save BLDC motor control circuit space and make it easier to control MOSFET switching for optimum performance.
Applying rotary encoders to sense angular position or velocity of a shaft or axle for efficient and effective digital sensing or control.
It is vital in IoT devices to have an efficient power management system to get as much energy as possible out from the battery.
Pressure sensors are critical to the IoT, with new versions emerging that feature smaller form factors, greater accuracy and resolution.
Low noise amplifiers (LNAs) for 5G wireless require exotic processes like SiGe, SOI, and GaAs that require special attention for successful implementations.
Integrated time of flight (ToF) sensors provide a simple, fast, and inexpensive way to measure distance and to recognize simple gestures in embedded systems.
Integrating USB Type-C connectors into designs requires developers pay careful attention to proper connector options and recommended layout guidelines.
The main two types of rotary encoders are absolute and incremental. How do they work? What are the differences? What’s the right type for your application?
Learn techniques to sequence the startup and shutdown of multi-rail power supplies used for FPGAs, DSP processors, and similar system on chip devices.
The Arduino MKR Vidor 4000 provides a simple and inexpensive way to make use of an FPGA’s real time abilities in embedded system designs.
How to accurately and safely amplify the low-level voltage generated by current sense resistors into a relatively large voltage that’s more easily measured.
Securing embedded systems using the Armv8-M architecture and TrustZone.
Use advances in Class D or digital amplifiers to make compact, low-power audio circuits for portable and battery powered applications.
Using a family of 32-bit MCUs to build invisible intelligence into wearables and IoT devices while optimizing for low power.
When sensing motion in battery powered wearables, developers can get the features and accuracy they need while meeting power consumption requirements.
Developers can use secure MCUs and authentication ICs to meet users' expectations for privacy and protection in smart products.
Developers can implement efficient KWS on MCUs using DS-CNNs from hardware optimized neural network library for resource-constrained designs.
Advanced MCUs and PMICs provide the foundation needed to meet user expectations for next generation smart products.
Use redrivers to expand high-speed USB applications by enabling the use of longer cables.
Current sense resistors are widely used to measure current flow to track system performance, but there are nuances to be aware of for successful implementation.
Developers can easily switch audio and video sources while minimizing noise and signal losses by using the right CMOS analog switches.
IMUs provide precise positioning information for embedded applications ranging from consumer to industrial, medical, and military.
Developers can add voice-activated features to resource-constrained designs using a low-power FPGA running a BNN, a highly efficient machine learning algorithm.
After choosing between the various wireless cellular interfaces for IoT devices, designers can get LTE-M based designs to market quickly with modules and kits.
Using RMS-to-DC converters to measure the power of complex waveforms.
Implement real-time clock/calendar (RTCC) functions in embedded systems with minimal design time, component count, and power consumption.
Zigbee Light Link eases development of wireless mesh connected, low-power smart lighting.
Using larger strings of cells to raise photovoltaic dc operating voltages can reduce I2R losses and save deployment costs.
Mechanical buttons and switches come in many forms to help designers meet various safety, security, ease of access, and power-up configuration requirements.
Photodiodes and phototransistors are key to many applications, but they require special electrical, optical, and mechanical considerations.
Developers can use machine learning in embedded vision applications using off-the-shelf FPGAs now available on specialized platforms.
Using stable hardware and software like the Renesas Synergy Platform, see how to get an IoT application connected to the cloud in 10 minutes.
Using the Raspberry Pi 3 and compatible versions of machine learning software, developers can begin developing sophisticated machine learning applications.
Machine learning development is going mainstream thanks to accessible software and methods that enable deployment on readily available processors and FPGAs.
Development kits enable engineers to turn air quality sensors into Internet of Things connected devices.
Use isolation amplifiers to measure signals with high voltage offsets and reduce ground loops when working with multiple sensors.
Learn to apply current sense amplifiers across a series current shunt resistor for precise power management in battery and line powered applications.
The usable limit of the traditional 12-volt automotive electrical system has been reached. The solution, combine the existing system with a 48 V rail.
With a low-cost microcontroller, developers can use Google Vision APIs for cloud-based image recognition.
Using the Red Pitaya Open Instrumentation Platform and an array of open development tools, developers can create their own test and measurement systems.
How to avoid common issues when working with I2C.
Choosing the right cables for industrial applications is critical for efficiency, reliability, system up-time, and overall cost of ownership.
ADAS functions require DC/DC regulators which can meet challenging environmental, vibration, performance, and space requirements.
HyperBus is an ideal 8-bit, high-speed memory interface for memory expansion of small projects where board space is at a premium.
Using Bluetooth hardware kits and associated software, developers can rapidly deploy secure Bluetooth connectivity between a hub and multiple sensors.
An examination of some of the key principles of IEC 60601 as they relate to implementation of the power supply and the need for risk assessment.
SoMs based on SoCs that incorporate both processors and FPGAs form the foundation for a flexible design approach to embedded systems with reduced design risk.
Electromechanical relays and contactors both switch power loads, but contactors are designed to switch much higher voltages and currents.
Ambient light sensors are ideal 16-bit light-to-digital converters that are instrumental when saving LCD battery power.
Low-smoke, zero-halogen (LSZH) cables can save lives, but designers need to understand where, when, and how to use them.
The trend toward more programmable hardware is accelerating. Embedded engineers are now being pushed to think like modern software developers.
Developers can quickly add facial recognition to an embedded system with an off-the-shelf microcontroller and camera combination.
Low voltage, medium current DC/DC regulator modules simplify providing DC rails, but there are some guidelines to follow to maximize their performance.
Power management chips make it easy to design, configure and supervise multiport PoE+ systems.
A wireless PLC provides embedded developers with an alternative method to develop real-time applications using ladder logic.
Using an all-inclusive development kit and software environment, IoT developers can rapidly implement secure cellular connectivity.
Dedicated ICs simplify implementation of authentication mechanisms needed to ensure security in systems ranging from complex IoT devices to simple peripherals.
RF coaxial connectors are deceptively simple, so choose carefully and take proper precautions to ensure RF system connection success and longevity.
Instrumentation amplifiers (INAs) accurately capture low-level differential signals from a sensor, but users need to choose and apply them carefully.
GNSS modules simplify and accelerate RTLS design, while lowering the cost and size of asset tracking and other location identification applications.
Power over Ethernet (PoE) is ideal for smart lighting in industrial applications, but designers need to ensure standards compatibility and optimum efficiency.